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From Writing Better (Graham & Harris, 2005), the COPS strategy is a student self-editing acronym.
COPS is a strategy to help students remember how to “police” their writing–evaluate for accuracy and mechanics. The COPS acronym stands for:
C – have I Capitalized the first word and proper nouns?
O – how is the Overall appearance?
P – have I used end Punctuation, commas, and semicolons correctly?
S – do the words look like they are Spelled correctly? Can I sound them out, or should I use a dictionary?
These reminders are not going to be exhaustive for all focus areas students may need to correct but instead attempt to provide a baseline expectation for all student writing at the secondary level.
For an example of a student checklist for the COPS strategy, visit readingrockets.org