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What, So what, Now what?

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WHAT IT IS:

What? So what? Now what? is a reflective process strategy that encourages continuous reflection and provides a simple framework for reflecting on any task or experience.

HOW IT WORKS:

To implement the strategy, provide students with a basic framework for reflection after a task or experience. It is helpful to use a guided notes or graphic organizer page to start that includes the following considerations and example questions:

What? (a clear, objective description of what just happened)

  • … happened?
  • … did I do?
  • … did others do?
  • … was the purpose of ___?

So what? (a more in-depth analysis of what just happened)

  • … do I feel about ___?
  • … is important about ___?
  • … were the effects of doing/not doing ___?
  • … are the implications of ___?

Now what? (the proposed actions or next steps)

  • … are the implications of ___ if I do ___?
  • … should I do about ___?
  • … should I do differently?
  • … should I do next?

The ultimate goal is to turn the reflection framework into a routine process. Consider using the framework in individual reflections as well as group discussions, exit tickets, or restorative practices.

RESOURCES & EXAMPLES:

Read more about this reflective process at johndabell.com

Watch the complete description of the strategy here:

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