WHAT IT IS:
What? So what? Now what? is a reflective process strategy that encourages continuous reflection and provides a simple framework for reflecting on any task or experience.
HOW IT WORKS:
To implement the strategy, provide students with a basic framework for reflection after a task or experience. It is helpful to use a guided notes or graphic organizer page to start that includes the following considerations and example questions:
What? (a clear, objective description of what just happened)
- … happened?
- … did I do?
- … did others do?
- … was the purpose of ___?
So what? (a more in-depth analysis of what just happened)
- … do I feel about ___?
- … is important about ___?
- … were the effects of doing/not doing ___?
- … are the implications of ___?
Now what? (the proposed actions or next steps)
- … are the implications of ___ if I do ___?
- … should I do about ___?
- … should I do differently?
- … should I do next?
The ultimate goal is to turn the reflection framework into a routine process. Consider using the framework in individual reflections as well as group discussions, exit tickets, or restorative practices.